The current Inter-Agency Report provides an overview of the child labour situation in the country and how it is changing over time, building on and updating the results of the comprehensive Country Report on child labour published in 2009.1 With this overview as background, the Inter-Agency Report then analyses the resource implications of meeting the national commitment to eliminating child labour. Specifically in this context, the report assesses the economic costs over a five-year period of (1) providing the poorest of the poor families with a minimum degree of social protection and (2) providing a package of special, targeted measures aimed at protecting and removing children from employment.
Posts in category Policies & Social Programs
Towards Cnding Child Labour in Zambia: An Assessment of Resource Requirements – Report on Child Labour
This report is the fruit of collaboration between the International Labour Office (ILO) and the Understanding Children’s Work (UCW) Programme. The aim of the report is to support Indonesia’s ongoing efforts to address the difficult transitions into the labour market experienced by various segments of young people in Indonesia. Indonesia has displayed strong commitment to tackling youth employment and was one of the first countries to sign on as a lead county to the United Nations Youth Employment Network (YEN) in 2002. Lead countries commit to prioritizing policy development to support positive youth employment outcomes and as a result are often hothouses of policy innovations and policy breakthroughs. Indonesia has clearly been benefiting from placing youth employment firmly on the national agenda since 2002. But enormous challenges remain. Despite an overall long-term trend of a reduction of youth unemployment, poverty and youth informality, many segments of youth remain behind: young women continue to be more disadvantaged than young men, and other groups such as new entrants to the labour market, rural youth, youth from disadvantaged regions and low income communities are among those most likely to experience difficult transitions to the labour market.
Understanding the Brazilian Success in Reducing Child Labour: Empirical Evidence and Policy Lessons. Drawing Policy Lessons From the Brazilian Experience
Brazil has witnessed dramatic progress towards eliminating child labour and achieving universal basic school enrolment in the last two decades. Indeed, in the period from 1992 to 2009, economic activity among 7-15 year-olds fell by more than half, from 18 percent to less than seven percent, while school attendance rose from 85 percent to 97 percent. What were the factors underlying this success? Was it driven primarily by policy? And, if so, which policies were most influential? Or, alternatively, was the progress more a product of demographic trends, or of broader changes in the Brazilian macro-economy and labour market?
As part of broader efforts towards durable solutions to child labor, the International Labour Organization (ILO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and the World Bank initiated the interagency Understanding Children’s Work (UCW) Programme in December 2000. The Programme is guided by the Oslo Agenda for Action, which laid out the priorities for the international community in the fight against child labor. Through a variety of data collection, research, and assessment activities, the UCW Programme is broadly directed toward improving understanding of child labor, its causes and effects, how it can be measured, and effective policies for addressing it. For further information, see the project website at www.ucw-project.org.
Some people argue that a child working in a household as a domestic worker has a much better life than those children who work in other labour situations, such as on the street selling flowers or begging. Some say that children working as domestic workers are at least fed and have a roof over their head, sheltered from suffering the outside elements. However, it is too simplistic to presume that child domestic workers are better off, as it is too difficult for us, outsiders, to truly know the actual situation in which they live and work. Behind the closed doors of each employer, children may be waiting for help without knowing how to reach out for it.
Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people worldwide. We scrupulously investigate abuses, expose the facts widely, and pressure those with power to respect rights and secure justice. Human Rights Watch is an independent, international organization that works as part of a vibrant movement to uphold human dignity and advance the cause of human rights for all.
Claiming Rights_Domestic Workers’ Movements and Global Advances for Labor Reform – Human Rights Watch 2013
On September 5, 2013, the ILO Convention Concerning Decent Work for Domestic Workers (Domestic Workers Convention or C189) entered into legal force. This groundbreaking new treaty and its accompanying Recommendation (No. 201) establish the first global standards for the more than 50 million domestic workers worldwide—the majority of whom are women and girls, and many of whom are migrants—who clean, cook, and care for children and elderly in private households. The Domestic Workers Convention provides desperately needed and long overdue protections for domestic workers and represents a significant breakthrough in human rights, including labor rights, women’s rights, and children’s rights. Despite the critical role that domestic workers play in providing key care services to households— including cooking, cleaning, child care, and elder care—they have been routinely excluded from standard labor protections. According to the ILO, almost 30 percent of the world’s domestic workers are employed in countries where they are completely excluded from national labor laws.
Millions of children around the world, mainly girls, are in paid or unpaid domestic work in households other than their own. Of these children around two thirds are estimated to be in unacceptable situations, either because they are below the legal minimum working age, or are working under hazardous conditions or in circumstances that are tantamount to slavery.
This case study was prepared by Francesca Dalla Valle from the Decent Rural Employment Team (DRET) within the Social Protection Division (ESP) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Thanks go to Rob Vos, Director of ESP and Peter Wobst, Senior Economist and DRET Leader, as well as to Mauro Bottaro, Vito Cistulli, Carol Djeddah, Elisenda Estruch Puertas, Francesca Gianfelici, Susan Kaaria, Regina Laub, Kae Mihara, Sybil Nelson, Nora Kokanova, Monika Percic, Cristina Rapone, Clement De Rivas, Nicholas Ross, Andrea Sanchez Enciso, Reuben Sessa, Tamara van’t Wout and Igor Vinci for their constructive inputs and Ilaria Perlini for graphic layout.
Education represents the hopes, dreams and aspirations of children, families, communities and nations around the world—the most reliable route out of poverty and a critical pathway towards healthier, more productive citizens and stronger societies. Not surprisingly, when people are asked to list their priorities, education tops survey after survey, poll after poll.